A German scholastic philosopher is credited with conceiving the term “psychology” within the 1590s. The word psychology comes from the Greek word psyche, which suggests “soul” or “spirit.” Earlier, psychology was also considered a study of the soul. Until the top of the 19th century, psychology was considered to be a neighborhood of philosophy.
In 1879, Wilhelm Wundt established a laboratory at the University of Leipzig in Germany mainly to concentrate on the study of psychology. Later on, James published his book in 1890 entitled Principles of Psychology, which established a variety of practicalities for the type of questions that psychologists would specialize in for years to return. Other important early contributors to the sector included Hermann Ebbinghaus, who led the way in studies on memory, and therefore the Russian Pavlov, who revealed the training process of conditioning. In the meantime, Freud, who was qualified as a neurologist and had no recognized training in psychonomics, established a functional method of psychotherapy referred to as psychoanalysis.
Freud’s understanding of the mind was largely supported by interpretive methods and introspection, but he was predominantly focused on determining mental distress and psychopathology. Freud’s theories proved to be extremely successful. Behaviorism was the leading model in psychology for much of the first 20th century, mainly thanks to the formation and thriving application of conditioning theories as scientific models of human behavior.
However, over a period of your time it became evident that, although behaviorism had made some significant discoveries, it had been wanting as a guiding theory of human behavior. Humanistic psychology surfaced within the 1950s and has continued as a retort to positive and scientific approaches to the mind. It lays emphasis on a phenomenological view of human experience and seeks to know citizenry and their behavior by conducting qualitative research.
The history of psychology has evolved considerably over the ages. Its study, research, and findings have greatly helped in understanding both human behavior and therefore the human mindset.